Resources for Adults

Substance Use Overview

Substance use is part of the human condition; people have used tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other drugs for various “human reasons”, in various countries for thousands of years. Like all things involving humans, substance use is complex and not just “good” or “bad”) and has the potential to both help and harm. What’s more, the effects of using substances are not uniform but unique to each individual.

Drugs and their categories

A drug is any substance that causes a change in how people feel mentally, emotionally or physically. Mood and other brain processes such as perception, attention, learning, memory, concentration and abstract thought can be impacted.

Drug and their effects depend on many factors, including dose, types of drugs used and their interaction, how the drug is taken and the body’s response to drugs that develop over time (tolerance, dependence, etc).

Drugs include both legal drugs (such as alcohol, tobacco, and prescription drugs such as anti-depressants and painkillers) and illegal drugs such as cocaine, speed and LSD. When discussing drugs it can be helpful to categorize drugs according to the effect they have on one’s mind and body.

Hallucinogens

Hallucinogens are drugs that distort perceptions, mental processes and emotions. Hallucinogens can act as either or both dissociatives or psychedelics. Examples include magic mushrooms, LSD/acid, peyote, PCP, Ketamine, GHB

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Hallucinogens information

Stimulants

Stimulants are drugs that produce a quick temporary increase of energy by speeding up the central nervous system. Breathing, heart rate and creating an alerted state.

Stimulant drugs include, tobacco, caffeine, cocaine/crack, amphetamines and drugs to treat ADHD.

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Cocaine information

Methamphetamine information

Opioids

Opioids are a group of drugs that resemble morphine and its effects. These include opiates which are derived from the poppy plant. Opioids are among the world's oldest known drugs with its beginnings in the therapeutic use of opium. Opioids act as painkillers with effects such as decreased perception of pain, decreased reaction to pain as well as increased pain tolerance. The side effects of opioids include sedation, constipation, slowing of respiration and a strong sense of euphoria.Examples include, morphine, codeine, opium, heroin, methadone, Demerol and Percodan.

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Heroin information

Depressives

Depressives are substances that slow down how our central nervous system operates. They slow down our heart rate and breathing and bring a more relaxed and calm feeling. Because our central nervous system is slowed, in small amounts, alcohol can slow our inhabitations as well as make us feel more sociable and talkative. In larger quantities our balance, vision, coordination and ability to make important decisions also become confused.

Depressive drugs include alcohol, solvents/inhalants, benzodiazepines, barbiturate, antihistamines and general anesthetics.

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Alcohol information

Inhalants information

Cannabis

Cannabis originates from the Cannabis Sativa plant. Its psychoactive ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and can be consumed as marijuana, hash or hash oil.  The effects of cannabis can include relaxation, heightened mood, mild euphoria, while side-effects include a decrease in short term memory, coordination and concentration, dry mouth, increased appetite, lowered blood pressure. 

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Cannabis information

Cannabis and psychosis information

Low-drinking guidelines

Canada`s low-risk alcohol drinking guidelines (LRDG) help Canadians moderate their alcohol consumption and reduce their immediate and long-term alcohol-related harm. The guidelines recommend no more than two-drinks a day, 10 per week for women, and three drinks a day, 15 per week for men, with an extra drink allowed on special occasions. 

Low-drinking guidelines


Mindfulness

Being mindful means we focus on certain aspects of our current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.

The goal of mindfulness practice is to cultivate a stable, non-reactive awareness of one’s internal emotions, thoughts, sensations) and external (social, environmental) experiences.

Maureen Smith earned her master of social work degree from the University of British Columbia, Okanagan.  She completed her practicum in clinical social work at East Kootenay Addiction Services Society in Cranbrook, BC.  Maureen sees health from a “whole person” perspective, which involves the body, mind and social environment.  She can help address the broad range of health and addiction issues and is particularly interested in mindfulness-based interventions, working with adults and youth with maladaptive substance and behavioural patterns.  She is passionate about helping people manage stress, develop resilience and move towards positive health and behaviours.

Resource List



 


Recent Posts

  • EKASS is now offering a virtual mindfulness group

    Posted on: 22-May-2020

    Posted by EKASS | on 22-May-2020 EKASS is now offering a virtual mindfulness group

    Mind full or Mindful?

    East Kootenay Addictions Services Society is offering a 4 week Mindfulness Skills Training Group (once a week, for 2 hours on Tuesdays) for anyone who would like to reduce their suffering and learn to live a happier, more peaceful life. For more information and to register for this free series, contact Kari or Eleine at 250-489-4344

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  • Provincial Overdose Alert
  • Provincial Overdose Alert

    Posted on: 22-May-2020

    Posted by EKASS | on 22-May-2020 Provincial Overdose Alert

    BC PROVINCIAL OVERDOSE ALERT
     
    INCREASED DRUG TOXICITY REPORTED ACROSS BC  (BOTH STIMULANTS & DOWN)  
     

    • Fatal and non-fatal overdoses through smoking and injecting (stimulants and down) have increased over the last few weeks 
    • Severe overdoses related to smoking stimulants and down due to the rapid onset of effects  
    • Increased community overdose & drug alerts since March 22nd 

    FOR YOUR SAFETY:
     
    1) Use an Overdose Prevention Site, if you can. FIND AN OPS 
    2) Pick up a naloxone kit. FIND A SITE. Call ahead for hours. 
    3) Avoid using alone. Find a buddy or have someone check on you. 
    4) Talk to your doctor about ways to reduce the need to purchase substances, or experience withdrawal

    THIS IS A PROVINCIAL ALERT Check your local Health Authority websites for local alerts 
    To FIND AN OPS: https://www.stopoverdose.gov.bc.ca/theweekly/overdoseprevention-sites-supervised-consumption-services-drug-checking
    To FIND A SITE: towardtheheart.com/site-finder More info on accessing prescriptions: https://www.bccsu.ca/wpcontent/uploads/2020/04/Postcard-COVID-v2.pdf  
    For more information on ways to stay safe while using substances during COVID19 please check: http://www.bccdc.ca/health-info/diseases-conditions/covid19/priority-populations/people-who-use-substances  

    Date Posted: MAY 21, 2020     (remove by June 8, 2020)

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  • Cranbrook Food Resources
  • Cranbrook Food Resources

    Posted on: 03-Apr-2020

    Posted by Theresa Bartraw | on 03-Apr-2020 Cranbrook Food Resources

    Cranbrook Food Resources

    Food Resources


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Upcoming Events

  • New additions to the COVID-19 resource section

    Event Date: 31-Mar-2020

    Posted by Theresa Bartraw | on 31-Mar-2020 New additions to the COVID-19 resource section

    East Kootenay Addictions Services is building and adding to the COVID-19 Response Resources section of the website. Follow the link here COVID-19 Resources for more information

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  • Managing the Covid-19 Virus Update
    Event Date: 25-Mar-2020
  • Managing the Covid-19 Virus Update

    Event Date: 25-Mar-2020

    Posted by Theresa Bartraw | on 25-Mar-2020 Managing the Covid-19 Virus Update

    March 25, 2020

    Dear Clients:

    As part of our ongoing response to the Covid-19 pandemic, EKASS has followed the recommendations of the Federal and Provincial Governments, and has closed all our offices effective March 18, 2020.    

    To stay in line with the precautions suggested by the Federal Government of self-distancing, this office will be closed indefinitely.  Please check our website www.ekass.com for updated information and links to resources and supports.

    We are continuing to provide counselling services to our clients via phone or webbased options.  

    Clients on the OAT Program will be contacted by the doctors at the Interior Chemical Dependency Office in Kamloops to ensure that they continue to receive scripts.

    Harm Reduction supplies continue to be available as we continue to provide supplies to our community partners.

    We recognize that these are stressful times.  We are here to support you and want people to stay in touch as we navigate this situation together.  If you have questions or concerns, or to book an appointment, please call the Cranbrook office at 250-489-4344 for further information.  We will be checking the phones messages daily and responding as quickly as we can.

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  • Teen Empowerment and Mastery Program
    Event Date: 4-May-2020
  • Teen Empowerment and Mastery Program

    Event Date: 4-May-2020

    Posted by EKASS | on 14-Feb-2020 Teen Empowerment and Mastery Program

    Communities throughout the East Kootenay region will be holding the Teen Empowerment and Mastery (TEAM) Program in May and June of 2020. Click here to learn more about TEAM. If you are a young person interested in attending TEAM contact us at 1-877-489-4344 for more information.

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